At Puss Bank School and Nursery, the children will study each of the following curriculum areas: drawing, painting, sculpture. Then print, collage, and textiles will be taught alongside these alternatively. In reception children start to use a sketchbook to record their images as they progress through school, they develop their skills at recording observations, ideas and collecting visual evidence.
Digital media will be addressed by links with computing and by participating in enrichment opportunities. e.g. Art Weeks, artist visiting school, wow days
William Morris/ Kehinde Wiley
Matisse the snail/ the goldfish
Chris Ofili & Lynette Yiadom -Boakye
Figures- Anthony Gormley, Ronald Moody
Ken Philips -wire trees Tin forest book
Chagall/current artist Alma Woodsey Thomas
Portraits -Jim Dine
Sculpture – Greek Pots
Dubuffet, Kurt Schwitters
Suzy Shackleton- felting
Sculpture- willow sculpture
Nicola Hicks or Sophie Ryder
Landscapes- classic artists Robert Seldon Duncanson, Constable / modern
Nicola Willington, Kyffin Williams
When exploring and developing ideas children will record and explore ideas from first-hand observation, experience, and imagination. They will be encouraged to ask and answer questions about the starting points for their work and develop their ideas. As they progress through school, they will explore the differences and similarities within the work of artists, craftspeople and designers in different times and cultures. In this ever-developing world of technology, we feel it is important that children are exposed to the world of digital media.
Key Art and Design vocabulary is planned, developed explicitly in teaching and revisited.
In the nursery, children will be able to see that movements create marks, and they explore what happens when they mix colours. They investigate different textures describing what they can feel and see, then start to create their own using simple tools. They learn that materials can be combined and manipulated to create new effects. They create simple collages by selecting, sorting and tearing a range of resources then gluing items down.
By the end of Reception children will be able to use simple tools appropriately to express their ideas, thoughts, and feelings through art.
They will have some understanding of line and shape and how it can be used to create simple representations of events, people and objects. They use rubbings to show a range of textures and then take prints from objects around them. They progress to produce work from their own imagination and observations.
They will know that colours can change when mixed with other colours and choose colours for a particular purpose.
Early Art vocabulary is taught discreetly and explained and then regularly referred to in direct teaching and continuous provision, displayed in classroom to remind adults to keep reinforcing key language with the children.
By the end of Y1 children will have become more skilled at using tools e.g. charcoal, graphite sticks or oil pastels to create and express their feelings through art.
They will be able to talk about how different lines express feelings with increasing accuracy (curved, wavy, zig zag, thin, thick lines and cross hatching) e.g. Anger can be expressed with a thick zig zagged line. Evidence can be found in children’s sketchbooks.
Building on colour mixing in Reception children will know that colours reflect feelings and can be grouped in warm and cool colours. They will be able to tell you that the primary colours a red, yellow and blue and that can be mixed to create other colours. They will be able to match colours to artefacts.
When painting and drawing, children will be able to use a variety of tools and will understand that different tools create different effects. Children will be able to recognise patterns and explain what a repeating pattern is. They will also be able to explore texture using simple vocabulary to describe this e.g. rough, smooth.
When working in 3D form, children will know how to manipulate materials e.g. clay, withes, for different purposes and how to construct and join materials. They will be able to use tools safety and effectively to create forms.
By the end of Y2 children will be able to use a range of materials creatively to design and make. Building on their knowledge of line in Y1 children will have a deeper understanding of how the thickness of a line or direction of a line can help to create a particular effect. They will be able to describe the use of line further by referring to its orientation (horizontal, vertical, and diagonal) and its appearance (bold). This links with the handwriting scheme. They will be able draw for a sustained period of time. Children will be able to recognise basic geometric shapes within the environment and within the work of artists. E.g. Georgia O’Keefe
Building on colour knowledge in Y1, children will know that green, purple and orange are made from mixing primary colours and are commonly referred to as the secondary colours. They will also know that by adding black and white to colours they can create tints and shades. They will be aware that there are a variety of brushes which make different marks.
By the end of Y2, children will have an increasing knowledge of texture and will be able to describe the qualities of texture in real objects and as depicted or suggested in the work of artists. They will have developed a variety of techniques, weaving, fabric crayons and tie dying.
In sculpture, they will be creating simple 3D pieces of work from basic materials like paper, string, clay, wire, and newspaper rods to continue the progression of their manipulative skills.
When using sketchbooks, they will have explored working out ideas for drawing and collecting information about artist’s work.
Children will be able to select and use a range of media to achieve variations in line, texture, tone, colour, and shape to show feelings. Children will have a deeper knowledge of form through exploring more complex shapes and will begin to show some awareness of space when drawing. They will be able to draw accurately from observation for longer periods of time at their own level and use their sketchbooks to collect and record visual information or observations.
Following on from Y2, children will develop a secure understanding of primary and secondary colours and how to create tints, shades and tones. They will be able to talk about why they have selected certain brushes and show a variety of strokes in their work. They will explore the effect of adding sand, sawdust, or glue to paint.
Children will also know how to create different effects and textures using a variety of media. In printing, they will be creating surfaces to print on and using simple repeat and overlap mono print.
In sculpture, they will explore form and shape, recognising the strength and weakness of a variety of medium, mainly focusing on clay. They will build on their manipulative skills when folding, joining and cutting and work more independently, using tools safely and effectively. In their sketchbooks they will show how they have planned their design and record the final piece of artwork through photography.
Using their knowledge of line, shape, colour, and texture children will be able to alter and refine work using specific vocabulary to describe changes. They will be able to collect images in their sketchbook and transfer them onto a larger scale. Children will be able to observe how artists use light and shadow and begin to understand the relationship between two dimensional and three dimensional. Building on work in Year 3, children will have a deeper understanding of how shape is used within art and will show an increasing awareness of this when completing observational drawing tasks.
They will be able to make and match colours with increasing accuracy and when discussing this they will be able to use colour specific language learnt previously. They will be able to independently make informed choices when working with a range of media to create desired effects and textures.
When working with textiles, they will be able to thread a needle, cut, glue and trim materials. Simples stitches, knotting and other manipulative skills will be incorporated into pieces of artwork.
In sculpture, they will be able to develop their skills with more complex methods e.g. using Modroc or papier-mâché over a simple mould when responding to a stimulus.
In UKS2 teaching is designed to encourage children to use their existing knowledge to experiment and refine their composition using a range of media and in their interpretation of art.
Children will be confident in selecting and using a variety of techniques to create effects e.g. shadow and reflection. An introduction to composition and scale emphasising how an artist can make objects look like they are far away. Evidence in sketchbook will show the development of ideas and the use of viewfinders.
By the end of Year 5, children will have built on colour knowledge obtained in Years 3 and 4 and will now be secure in identifying and creating primary and secondary, warm, and cold and complementary colours. They will develop and refine the use of pattern, texture, colour, shapes and mixing materials within a collage. Scale of collages will be explored.
In print they will be able to create a textured block to print from. They will consider composition, scale, and colour. They will organise their work showing repetition of pattern or image.
In sculpture, they will be able to join clay adequately and work reasonably independently to manipulate clay for a variety of reasons e.g. thumb pots, simple coil pots or models. They will consider the scale, form, and surface texture. Recognising the limitations of clay and the basic care of materials and tools will be discussed.
Children will have a secure knowledge of the visual elements (line, tone, pattern, texture, form, space, colour, and shape) and will be able to manipulate and experiment with these to best suit the given task.
Children will be able to show a variety of ways to make marks and use graded pencils effectively showing an understanding about how they are graded. They will be able to discuss how measurement can inform composition and scale and draw moving or still objects.
When painting children will be able to choose appropriate paints, paper, and tools to create and adapt their work. They will be able to consider the foreground and background in their drawings.
In textiles, they explore and show an awareness of the potential of their uses e.g. felting wool. They learn the felting technique and are inspired by the work of a local artist. When designing their felt work they focus on colour and textures. They develop their ideas to be expressive and are able to analytically adapt and give reasons for this.
In sculpture, they will design, plan, and create a sculpture based around the theme of an artist’s work. They will be able to use a range of natural or manmade materials and recognise the limitations of the different medium they selected. They will work independently and safely; being aware of the basic care of materials and tools.
They will be able to create their own sketchbooks and have detailed annotation where appropriate. The sketchbook will have evidence of how they have recorded, explored, and informed further work.